Corn Market Bye-laws: history in the negative

I transcribed this sign in preparation for a talk about the Leeds Corn Exchange at Bettakultcha VII.

I love the way we can tell so much of the building’s history from the list of things that were forbidden there.

Like Rachel Whiteread’s ‘House’, the art is in the negative space. The corn factors have gone, but their rules remain.

CITY OF LEEDS

CORN MARKET BYE-LAWS

With respect to the Market known as “THE LEEDS CORN EXCHANGE” in the City of Leeds made by the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of the City of Leeds, acting by the Council of the City, at a Meeting of the said Council duly convened and held in the Council Chamber of the Town Hall within the said City, on Wednesday, the Sixth day of March, 1907, in pursuance of the Leeds Corporation (Consolidation) Act, 1905, and of the Public Health Acts, and of all other powers in that behalf.

INTERPRETATION OF TERMS

1. Throughout these Bye-laws the expression “the Corporation” means the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of the City of Leeds acting by the Council; the expression “the Market Place” means the Market Place in the Leeds Corn Exchange; and the expressions “the Factors’ Market” and “the Farmers’ Market” mean respectively the parts of the Market Place known as the Factors’ Market and the Farmers’ Market.

FOR REGULATING THE USE OF THE MARKET PLACE

2. A Market for the sale of wheat, oats, barley, hops, peas, beans, seeds, oil cake, rape cake, and flour, shall be held in the Factors’ Market on every Tuesday throughout the year, between the hours of 10 o’clock in the forenoon and 3 o’clock in the afternoon ; provided that no Market shall be held on Christmas Day or on any day duly appointed for a solemn fast, or public thanksgiving, or a Bank Holiday.

3. A person shall not sell, or offer or expose for sale in the Market Place any produce, article, or thing at any time before or after the hours appointed for the holding of a Market.

4. A person other than a tenant of a stall or standing in the Factors’ Market or a farmer selling produce the result of his own growing, shall not bring into the Market Place a sample of any produce, article, or thing, or offer or expose for sale in the Market Place any produce, article or thing by shewing or exhibiting a sample of any such produce, article or thing in the Market Place.

5. A person other than a tenant of a stall or standing in the Factors’ Market, or his servant or agent, shall not bring into the Factors’ Market a sample of any produce, article, or thing, or offer or expose for sale in the Factors’ Market any produce, article or thing by shewing or exhibiting a sample of any such produce, article or thing in the Factors’ Market.

6. A person, other than a farmer selling produce the result of his own growing, shall not bring into the Farmers’ Market a sample of any produce, article, or thing, or offer or expose for sale in the Farmers Market any produce, article or thing by shewing or exhibiting a sample of any such produce, article or thing in the Farmers Market.

7. A person other than a tenant of a stall or standing in the Factors’ Market or the Farmers’ Market, or his servant or agent, shall not in the Market Place solicit, tout, or take an order for any wheat, oats, barley, hops, peas, beans, seeds, oil cake, rape cake or flour.

8. A person shall not hawk  any produce, article or thing for sale in the Market Place.

9. No person resorting to the Farmers’ or the Factors’ Market shall enter the same by any other entrance than that appropriated to the same respectively.

10. A person shall not improperly loiter in the Market Place or improperly cause any obstruction in any of the roads or ways therein.

11. A person shall not bring a dog into the Market Place.

12. A person shall not smoke tobacco or any like substance in the Market Place.

PENALTIES

13. Every person who shall offend against any of the foregoing Bye-laws shall be liable for every such offence to a penalty of Forty shillings, provided nevertheless that any Justices or Court before whom any complaint may be made, or any proceedings that may be taken in respect of such offence may, if they think fit, adjudge the payment as a penalty of any sum less than the full amount of the penalty imposed by this Bye-law.

REPEAL OF BYE-LAWS

14. From and after the date of the confirmation of these Bye-laws, all Bye-laws previously in force in the City of Leeds with respect to the Corn Market shall be repealed.

The Corporate Common Seal of the City of Leeds was hereunto affixed this Eighth day of March, One thousand nine hundred and seven, in the presence of

JOSEPH HEPWORTH, Lord Mayor

ROBERT E. FOX, Town Clerk

Allowed by the Local Government Board this Twenty seventh day of April 1907

S. B. PROVIS, Secretary,

Acting on behalf of the said Board under the authority of their General Order dated the Twenty six day of May 1907


Rents and Entrance and other Fees in accordance with the Schedule to the Leeds Order, 1920.

For every person selling Corn of his own growing in the Farmers’ Market

£ s. d.

0 5 0

For the entrance of every other person to the Farmers’ Market, not exceeding for each occasion on which he shall enter

0 0 2

For every Grocery Stand in the Farmers’ Market

2 2 0

For every Full Stand in the Factors’ Market

10 10 0

For every Half Stand in the Factors’ Market

5 5 0

For every Leather Fair Stand in the Factors’ Market

2 2 0

For every Leather Fair Stand and Space not exceeding ten square yards in the Factors’ Market

£ s. d.

5 5 0

For Land Agents, Carriers, Forwarding Agents, Carters, Engineers, Millwrights, Milling Engineers, Coal Dealers, Sack Dealers, Manure Dealers, Insurance Agents, &c, each person

1 0 0

Space for Advertisements and Show Cards, according to size

10s 6d to …

For the annual rent of each office , subject to agreement not exceeding

100 0 0

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mattedgar

Product strategy and design leadership in web and mobile media. Before that I was a newspaper journalist and history student

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