Do the hard work to help people learn

Giles, Ella, Matt and Russell have pulled together various opinions about presentations in one place: doingpresentations.com. It’s ace. Follow their links and their advice. Your presentations will be better for it.

In fact, stop reading here if you only ever do presentations in situations that look like this…

The sage on the stage

But, but, but…

But, pedagogy!

Often I find myself making slides for a different kind of setting – one where people want active learning, not a passive “talked at” experience. As Giles says, “presenting is performing“. Facilitating, on the other hand, is creating a platform for learners to perform…

Social construction over content transmission

No matter how polished the materials, learning is always an exchange. The facilitator responds and adapts to participants’ emerging needs during the delivery of a session…

Designing for diversity over delivering standardised material

Over recent months I’ve set myself the challenge of applying all the good stuff from doingpresentations.com, overlaid with the things I’ve learned about learning. I think it’s working.

Let’s begin with the obvious…

The course is not the slides

… and…

The slides are not your notes

You know those things already, right? Start with an outline of what you hope learners will achieve and experience in the session – an outline you’ve co-created with potential participants. Then plan the activities to support them. Have some slack in the plan so you can change direction, sequence and pace according to the unique needs of each group.

Still, it’s easy to lapse. Like a visual Newspeak, the doingpresentations.com guidance makes slidecrime less thinkable.

Constraints preserve your focus and flexibility…

  • no visual metaphors
  • no wordart or clipart
  • no bullets
  • no slide transitions
  • few words per slide
  • a single font

When the template isn’t working, you’ll usually find that the thing you’re making shouldn’t be a slide at all. Double down on the other tools in the learning armoury instead…

Activity

Leave the instructions for an activity on the screen so everyone knows clearly what they’re meant to do, and how long they’ve got to do it.

Walls and whiteboards

Slides disappear, stuff on walls builds as the session goes on.

Video

Instead of writing the wise person’s words on a slide, get a clip of them speaking for themselves.

Conversation

Slides can support a conversation, but only if they’re designed and used a certain way…

This is me telling you something

What if I put a question on the screen instead?

Show the thing

If it’s a digital thing, link to it from the slides. Even better, invite participants to try the thing on their own devices. Keep a few nice screenshots as backup in case of live demo failure.

Handouts

Put the detail in handouts and takeaways. If those bullet points are important, people will want to refer back to them.

If a 2 by 2 matrix is important enough to explain box by box, people will need to follow the story. 4 text slides can tell the story step by important step – or lose the slides and draw it on a whiteboard.

Above all…

Own your slides

Great presenters always tell the story their own way (which is why nobody should be forced to use someone else’s slides.) The better you prepare, the more you can perform in the moment, and respond to what happens in the room.

Examples of slides

Cease transmission.

The eleventh day of Christmas: better maps

Few worthwhile service designs start from a blank canvas. By making visual what’s intangible, we understand what actors might be involved, and how they are already connected. But complex worlds demand honest maps. No more 2 by 2 matrices and deterministic left-to-right drift. Show me the dragons and the uncharted territories.

moomin map.jpg

The tenth day of Christmas: start with strengths

Why might people vote against the policies and institutions we design to meet their needs? Maybe because meeting their needs, changing their lives, dealing with their deficits, doesn’t necessarily build their self-esteem, capacity or autonomy. It was nice to see “strength-based services” in PolicyLab’s Predictions for 2017. More of this, please.

IMG_20161225_150210.jpg

The sixth day of Christmas: spinning the wheel

It’s easy to mistake accentuated uncertainty for accelerating change – the liberal myth of directional progress in the hands of a new exponentialist priesthood. But pace layers have always been with us. The challenge is to reconnect fast-moving fashion and commerce to the slowest things most essential for life.

IMG_20161024_110016.jpg

The fifth day of Christmas: card table time

Laurie Rubiner, who served as Clinton’s legislative director from 2005 to 2008, recalls being asked to block out two hours on the calendar for “card-table time.” Rubiner had just started in Clinton’s office six weeks before, and she had no idea what card-table time was, but when the boss wants something put on the calendar, you do it.

When the appointed day arrived, Clinton had laid out two card tables alongside two huge suitcases. She opened the suitcases, and they were stuffed with newspaper clippings, position papers, random scraps of paper. Seeing the befuddled look on Rubiner’s face, Clinton asked, “Did anyone tell you what we’re doing here?”

Clinton, in her travels, stuffed notes from her conversations and her reading into suitcases, and every few months she dumped the stray paper on the floor of her Senate office and picked through it with her staff. The card tables were for categorization: scraps of paper related to the environment went here, crumpled clippings related to military families there. These notes, Rubiner recalls, really did lead to legislation. Clinton took seriously the things she was told, the things she read, the things she saw. She made her team follow up.

— Ezra Klein, ‘Understanding Hillary

The fourth day of Christmas: we are families

Christmas, a time to spend with family, at home with children, catching up with relatives. Meanwhile the populists play profitably on family values, but only for families that conform to their stereotypes.

IMG_20141229_194649.jpg

The third day of Christmas: 1916 was worse